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Anhinga Located on the northwestern portion of the Caribbean Slope the area of Río Frío offers a very interesting habitat composition. Its climate has more influence from the Northern Pacific region of Costa Rica and its dry season goes from December to April. Two very well marked seasons cause drastic changes in the level of the Rio Frío which feeds these wetlands. The best time of the year to explore Caño Negro is the dry season as more birds conglomerate in great numbers around the remaining water mirrors.

Caño Negro National Wildlife Refuge is perhaps the best location to see the endangered Jabiru. Other target birds for this marshes and disturb grassy areas are Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Black-collared Hawk, Limpkin, Glossy Ibis, American Pygmy Kingfisher, Spot-breasted Wren, Nicaraguan Grackle, Nicaraguan Seed-Finch, Yellow-tailed Oriole.

You can access Caño Negro from Los Chiles next to the border with Nicaragua which is usually the route used by visitors staying in La Fortuna and around Arenal Volcano, or from Upala, even coming from Bijagua (staying at Heliconias Lodge for example) could be an option. Of course, the best option to better explore Caño Negro will be to stay at Caño Negro Natural Lodge offering 42 rooms, restaurant, swimming pool, bar and on-site gardens. Some of our sample birding itineraries include this location and Tropical Feathers could also help you arrange your stay here and coordinate other services.

Caño Negro has an extension of approximately 9960 Hectares and it is one of the most important biological areas of the country and the four most important wetlands area in the world, it is also a Ramsar Site This Wild Life Refuge was declared as well a “Wildlife Area of International Importance” in 1991.

This Costa Rica ecological treasure is home to more than 350 species of birds, as well as interesting species like the Emerald Basilisk, River Turtles, Spectacled Caimans.

The following is a list of potential target birds in Caño Negro National Wildlife Refuge

Pinnated Bittern
Boat-billed Heron
Glossy Ibis
Green Ibis
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Jabiru
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture
Snail Kite
Plumbeous Kite
Black-collared Hawk
Northern Harrier
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove
Gray-headed Dove
Mangrove Cuckoo
Striped Owl
Great Potoo
American Pygmy Kingfisher
Bare-crowned Antbird
Spot-breasted Wren
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater
Nicaraguan Seed-Finch
Nicaraguan Grackle
Yellow-tailed Oriole

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